So that we can all continue to enjoy all the beauty that nature has to offer, we have a simple code of conduct for everyone who visits Hemavan Tärnaby all year round - don't litter.
This also applies in our villages and in our ski areas in summer and winter. Everything you take with you on the mountain, the beach, the forest or wherever you are, you take home and sort/throw in the designated place.
Simple tips on how to reduce your footprint in nature
Start at home and prepare well by packing smart. Leave Easter clips, cans, plastic bags and other unnecessary packaging at home. A tip is to use a beeswax cloth or lunch box instead of a plastic bag.
What do you do with the trash?
Bring a trash bag so you can take your trash and other people's trash home with you. Remember that leftovers from cooking are rubbish that must also be taken care of. Leave nothing for the animals. Even small rubbish, such as cigarette butts and portioned snus, contains plastic and has no place in nature.
Go to the toilet in nature
If there is an outdoor deck, use it. But if you need to relieve yourself in nature, remember that:
- bring a shovel and toilet paper.
- walk at least 100 meters away from a hiking trail, water or campsite.
- dig a 20-30 cm deep pit.
- fire up, bury, or take your toilet paper home. A normal dog poo bag is good to bring in your pack for this purpose.
- refill so that other visitors have a pleasant experience of our mountains.
Things you can easily replace
When you go out into nature, you want to take as little "rubbish" with you as possible. Tips on things you can replace:
- toothpaste tube versus toothpaste tablet
- tampon against menstrual cup
- wet wipes versus towel and soap
- plastic bags for beeswax cloth or lunch box
- disposable bottle to reusable bottle
How nature deals with your trash…
The decomposition time for metal in the form of aluminum cans is 200–500 years. Through a corrosion process, the metal slowly breaks down in nature.
It takes about 10–20 years for plastic bags to break down into microplastics, which in turn take hundreds of years to break down, if at all.
Are sugarcane plastic bags better for nature?
Many people believe that plastic bags made from sugar cane or corn starch disappear if they end up in nature. But no plastic breaks down in nature, regardless of what it is made of. The best plastic bag is always the one that is not produced at all. All bags affect the environment because resources are always used to produce a new bag.
Glass is such a persistent material that the approximate estimate of its degradation time is 1 million years.
Many people may think that a little trick in nature doesn't matter that much, but a single little trick pollutes as much as two liters of water. The poop is a dangerous little piece of trash that pollutes ecosystems. In total, almost 80% of all litter items in nature are from cigarettes and snuff. Take your own ashtray with you when you're out, there are several good options.
Cigarette filters are made of a type of plastic. The filter traps the tobacco's dangerous substances so that they do not reach the smoker's lungs. But these substances are also dangerous for nature. Including cadmium, which is also found in batteries. Since the filter is made of plastic, it does not break down in nature.
It takes about 1–5 years for a discarded cigarette butt to decompose into microplastics. Fimpen's filter contains a type of plastic that breaks down into microplastics. Microplastics can take 100 years to disappear, if at all.
Every day, Swedes flush around 4 million snus or snuff sticks down the toilet. That's roughly 1,100 tons of snuff per year, which corresponds to 100 normal-sized truckloads. A fifth of those who throw away their snus elsewhere than in a bin state that it is because "snus rots and can therefore be thrown away anywhere", which is incorrect. Snuff should always be thrown away among the combustible waste.
Snus consists of organic material and is biodegradable, but also contains toxins and leaves residues in the form of, for example, the heavy metal cadmium. For the bag that encloses the snuff, there are no studies on how it breaks down. The material in the bag is basically the same as in tea bags and mainly consists of cellulose fibres. The fibers are held together by a binder, which means that the paper breaks down more slowly than the snuff content itself. The bags also contain a small amount of the plastic polypropylene and are thus not completely biodegradable.